Average eggplant yield in the country is 9.95 metric tons per hectare. centage fruitsetting, number of marketable fruits, fruit weight, yield per plot and computed yield per hectare. Eggplant is considered to be the top vegetable crop of the Philippines. India is the second largest producer of eggplant in the world next to China. https://dbmp.philrice.gov.ph/palaystat/statistics/retrieve/table/1 Bungubong said the second treatment had the lowest yield with an average of 17.5 tons per hectare, which is still higher than the average cassava yield in Region 1 of only 9 tons per hectare, based on Philippine Statistics Authority figures. The plots consisted of 3 ridges in which 10 okra plants per ridge were planted at a spacing of 100 cm × 30 cm, giving a total plant population of 30 okra plants per plot (33,333 okra plants per hectare equivalent). Different eggplant cultivars produce fruit of different size, shape, and color, though typically purple. 1 0 obj Garlic. It requires 60 kg of ‘N’ and  50kg of ‘P’ per hectare crop. The most widely cultivated varieties in Europe continent and North American continent are elongated ovoid, 10 to 25 cm long and 6 to 10 cm broad in dark purple skin eggplants. In this study, we used a yield of 1300 boxes per acre, the most common yield level obtained from participant growers as the basis of our analysis. Eggplant seedlings should be transplanted in the main filed by digging mall pits. To demonstrate the benefits of Bt eggplant, ISAAA released a new infographics titled Which Eggplant Will You Choose? From a high of 81.8 metric tonnes per hectare in 1989 this decreased to only 52.5 metric tonnes per hectare in 1998, a decrease of about 35 percent. It is advised  to store in perforated polythene bags than under open conditions. Brazil 7. Grow 1 to 2 plants per person. Thereafter, apply 225 grams of ammonium sulfate per plant every three months. Terrace farming is also beneficial for daily vegetable needs. Dr. Felomino V.Mamuad, PCC officer in charge, said that by June this year PCC will be importing Pakchong 1 planting materials. The rates of application were 40 tones per hectare (t/ha) for chicken and cattle In this study, we used a yield of 1300 boxes per acre, the most common yield level obtained from participant growers as the basis of our analysis. Returns: The market for eggplant is very volatile and prices per 20 pound box can vary greatly during the season. Investors use the 4-cornered okra as it is the recommended variety. (2002) found better fruit girth, fruit weight and fruit yield level of eggplant with the application of 120 kg per hectare. Eggplant is a good source of anti-oxidants and helps in cancer prevention. However, ensuring the proper irrigation at the time of fruit set results in good yield and quality. Planting squash on these months will avoid the peak population of insect pests and the high incidence of plant diseases. Planting Season in Eggplant Farming:- Eggplant can be planted  thrice a year. Space plants 6 to … Keeping quality of fruits varies with variety (cultivar). Usually, irrigation should be carried out every 3 days during summer and 10 days in winter. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2013 with an increase of X% y-o-y. Generally, 2–3 sprays at 15–day intervals may be needed. x��\�n�ȱ�o��0��`������ [�� �9Fl ?���I�,E*eE�Ty��A��]]MN�h����kuuu�WU�ݼ|���Ǘ�.���M���O��f{9���iw~�y�����ϟ�|k6�l>^=f69�g6�ɳ��4y�U�����g������߶�w��������@g �j�2�����Y��yg�$zuM�ĝ6��E�gU��=M��������ɺ�t�7�.6�6�b[ ��̦��xҀ6�v���l��[�5~�?���������Y�G��ٝ������L���o���L˯���{�ү�� 2����_��owg�6ۙ�_����.�iğ_/M�u6^�Q�AP����u���]+�E�@�7x��NZ�=�|ٵT��?��������G)/OɊ'��i�2b����-���KD�5.wg`ߌ���K��-�:ɠ�b��� /�� �|䇞�bwV����[�;��-0�An7��6������?�Z0�d9�� TmV7��K�r�b[W���n٪[���ұS�~�����?o��J�[��u�P��g-�}��UMm*���p�xsn���^�3��C��\Q����� Banana production; about more than 20 kg of banana fruit per each blossom of banana can be achieved if plant manages well & care properly. and weighing 130 grams. Bicolored cultivars with striping include ‘Listada de Gandia’ and ‘Udumalapet’. Okra seeds were planted about 2-3 cm deep in a single row on top of the ridges. Eggplant. 6 Cost and Return Analysis per Hectare in Philippine Money (Peso) 9 List of Figures Table ... it is estimated that over 20,000 hectares of land in the Philippines are devoted to eggplant ... Insect infestation is one of the most limiting factors for accelerating yield potential of eggplant. “From 1998 to 2012, the Philippines produced 168,000 metric tons of eggplant, planted on 19,000 hectares of farmland, with an average yield of about 8.5 metric tons per hectare. Yield 3 to 6 pounds per 10-foot row. Generally 400 to 500 grams of seeds are required for 1 hectare land plantation. Eggplant helps in birth defect prevention. [MANILA] A court in the Philippines has ruled that a genetically modified (GM) crop, Bt eggplant, could pose risks to human health and the environment, and has called a halt to field trials — much to the disappointment of researchers. Eggplant is the most widely planted vegetable in the Philippines, making up nearly one-third of vegetables harvested. Okra Spacing & Planting # Philippines 5. D. Seedling Production. Number of branches per plant 7 6 Stem girth per plant in cm. Grow 12 to 16 plants per person. Highest gross and net incomes were realized from the control eggplant varieties. However, statistics showed that there is a low profit to cost… Growth Regulators in Eggplant Farming:- There are some growth regulators which can increase the yield. By ... At a farm gate price of P10 a kilo, the gross is P180,000 per hectare. Among the 3 types of tobacco grown by farmers, Virginia type gave the highest income per hectare (P 51,642 or US$ 1,147.60) while the native type generated the least (P 19,266 or US$ 428.13). World's top Eggplant Producing Countries. You have entered an incorrect email address! Weed Control in Eggplant Farming:- Make sure the field is weed free during initial stages of crop growth. However, statistics showed that there is low profit to cost (NPC) ratio per hectare in eggplant production in the country. The cost of pili nut production averaged P35,589 per hectare. Brazil 7. World's eggplant stats by total production, production per capita, harvasted area and yield. Eggplant crop requires the soil pH value of 5.0 to 7.0 for good yield. <>>> With an average yield per hectare of 3,218 kilograms in 2015, gross receipts amounted to P125,985. Irrigation in Eggplant Farming:-Eggplant crop requires frequent irrigation especially in dry season. This crop is susceptible to severe frost conditions. Harvesting in Eggplant Farming:- Usually, for cooking purpose, eggplants should be harvested at immature stage. Eggplant is good for diabetes management. However, selecting quality disease free seeds with high disease resistant is advised. Weedicides can also be applied to control the weeds; apply fluchloralin @ 1.5 kg a.i./ha as a pre-emergent weedicide. It can substantially cut pesticide use, cut production cost for farmers, reduce their exposure to harmful chemicals, benefit consumers through lower price from higher eggplant production while protecting their health, and even enhancing environmental protection. If Bt eggplant is grown on a commercial scale in the country, it is expected to boost marketable yield by 192 percent and reduce pesticide application per hectare by 48 percent. Usually, late varieties can withstand low temperature than early yielding ones. Colombia 9. Eggplants can be grown in greenhouses, playhouses and even in backyards. Indonesia 8. A much wider range of shapes, sizes and colors are cultivated in India and elsewhere in South Asia. Egg-shaped cultivars include ‘Casper’ and ‘Easter Egg’. %���� Philippines: BT-EGGPLANT FARMERS CAN HIKE YIELD PER HECTARE BY 317%: by Jennifer a. Ng / Reporter: 27-September-2010 Business Mirror: View source : FARMERS who will plant fruit-and-shoot borer resistant (FSB) eggplant could increase their net income by as much as 317 percent, according to a study published by an expert from the University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB). Grow 2 to 3 plants per person. Irrigation in Eggplant Farming:- Eggplant crop requires frequent irrigation especially in dry season. Tanzania. Apply 60 grams of ammonium sulfate as soon as plants are well-established and show new growth. For calculation of agronomic efficiency of nitrogen (AEN), fresh fruit yield per hectare was divided by the amount of N in kg ha −1 applied in different treatments. In mango, the average yield increased from a mere 5 metric tonnes per hectare in 1989-1992 to 10 metric tonnes per hectare in 1997-1998. endobj Okra Production Yield Or Pods Per Plant # Okra plants yield between 1-4 pods per plant. Eggplant production peaked in 2018 and is likely to see steady growth in the near future. Indonesia 8. Similarly, carrots could yield in excess of 70 tons per hectare, cabbage over 110 tons per hectare and tomatoes more than 100 tons per hectare, from specific commercial plantings. It is cultivated for the immature fruits which are either roasted, fried, stuffed, cooked … The average yield per hectare of rice and corn is low at 2.6-2.9 metric tonnes per hectare and 1.2-1.6 metric tonnes per hectare, respectively. It is a high yielding variety that can yield as much 49 tons per hectare. spraying 0.5-percent zinc sulphate (at a per-hectare rate of 2.5 kg zinc sulphate and 1.25 kg unslaked lime dissolved in 500 litres water). The area devoted to eggplant production is more than 20,000 hectares with small farms ranging from 0.5 to 2.0 hectares in size. It is not required any irrigation in rainy season and any stagnated water should be drained out as this crop is very sensitive to water logging conditions. 3. The common diseases in eggplant farming are; bacterial wilt, fungal wilt, phomopsis blight, mosaic, damping off. 20 to 25 tonnes of well rotten farmyard manure (FYM) or garden compost should be applied during land preparation. Okra Production Yield Or Pods Per Plant # Okra plants yield between 1-4 pods per plant. For lowland rice-based areas, plow and harrow the field 2-3 times alternately. Moreover, Francisco estimates that expenditure on pesticides of eggplant farmers amounted to about P28,000 per hectare, which comprises 29 percent of total production costs. This will be thinned later to achieve a minimum plant density of 100,000. Apply the same amount at intervals of six weeks until plants are one year old. Cameroon 10. Interaction effect of variety x ratoon height on both horticultural characters and yield components were not significant except on fruit diameter. height, number of leaves and yield (74%) of eggplant over recommended rate of N fertilizer with the application of 75 kg ha-1.Devi et al. <> Setting up drip irrigation is beneficial when compared to furrow method. When it comes to yielding in different soils, eggplant grown in clay soils produce more where as eggplant grown in sandy soils yield early. Bi-colored varieties with color gradient include ‘Rosa Bianca’, ‘Violetta di Firenze’, ‘Bianca Smufata di Rosa’ and ‘Prosperosa’. Eggplant is considered to be the top vegetable crop of the Philippines. Space plants 24 to 30 inches apart in rows 3 feet apart. Eggplant is considered to be the top vegetable crop of the Philippines, and the 16th most highly-consumed crop in every Filipino meal. The rule of thumb is to plant one to two eggplants for each person who will eat them. It is a well known that adequate nitrogen is required by eggplant for satisfactory It is a well known that adequate nitrogen is required by eggplant for satisfactory Oval shaped and black-skinned varieties include ‘Harris Special Hibush’, ‘Burpee Hybrid’,’Classic’, ‘Dusky’, ‘Bringal Bloom’, ‘Black Magic’ and ‘Black Beauty’. Countries by Eggplant Production China is the World's leading Eggplant producer with 32,027,403 tonnes yearly production. Basically, eggplant is originated from Burma region. Average eggplant yield in the country is 9.95 metric tons per hectare. This was after their crops were sprayed with a highly effective foliar fertilizer. From two hectares in 1997, Jomar now manages some 20 hectares of a diversified … Manual harvesting can be carried out by just twisting or a sharp knife can do the task. 4. endobj EGGPLANT PRODUCTION GUIDE . Some improved/hybrid commercial varieties yield up to 75 tonnes/ha. “It also grows taller,” the Thai expert said. Okra seeds were planted about 2-3 cm deep in a single row on top of the ridges. Eggplant has some medicinal properties as well. Seeds are sown in nursery bed and transplanted to main field after 4 weeks during summer and after 8 weeks during winter, when they reach 7 cm  to 10 cm height. Contact your local horticulture department for these growth regulator applications. Thus in just one season, a successful farmer can rake in a net income of P 87,877 per hectare. Yield 8 fruits per Italian oval varieties; yield 10 to 15 fruits per Asian varieties. script async src="https://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/adsbygoogle.js">, Having interest in farming made me to go for helping farmers and other individuals to make profits from agriculture farming, livestock farming ,horticulture farming and gardening. When transplanting the seedlings in the field, carry out light irrigation to make the roots establish in the soil. If you are planning on large scale commercial cultivation, soil testing is preferred to find out the soil fertility. �رlϩG�%��*�������������*���سF���; U�g��x2�&+���ܴztGUr��Bs夜�f۬�܆_����O#HbWo���s�فz��v�{�"��Q�r�wP��a��{~�&wN���G�N��t�'�C-�|#���Ih��]��P灉�w4N����O|�|�֒�~x���0L/�Xs�g�)�{������7UVx޳�q&�p����,۸u��^�en%��=P. Eggplant Farming (Brinjal) Information Guide. Jomar Jarvina, 37, is a farmer and politician from Cabatuan, Isabela who won the National Gawad Saka Search for Outstanding Farmer, Integrated Rice Based Farming System in 2013 after harvesting a two season average of 16 metric tons or some 320 cavans of unmilled hybrid rice per hectare in 2012. However, this crop is distributed in south and south East Asia, southern Europe, China and Japan. centage fruitsetting, number of marketable fruits, fruit weight, yield per plot and computed yield per hectare. Colombia 9. Introduction of Eggplant Farming:- Eggplant is one of the most common tropical vegetables grown in the world. Rubber yield increased from a low of 1.99 metric tonnes in 1989 to 2.44 metric tonnes in 1998. The Price for each type of vegetable is in Philippine Peso per Kilogram or per … The best sowing time of eggplant is May to June, August to September and December to January. Crops Statistics of the Philippines is a publication of the Philippine ... 1.3 Annual Yield per Hectare of Selected Crops: 2011-2015 67 ... 5.3 Eggplant: Production, Area and Yield per Hectare 207 by Region: 2011-2015 5.4 Garlic (Bulb): Production, Area and Yield 209 Eggplant. The Commercial cultivation of eggplant yields good profits and these vegetables can be marketed easily as there is good demand in local vegetable markets. Propagation and Sowing and Spacing in Eggplant Farming:- Propagation is done through seeds. Health Benefits of Eggplant:- The following are some of the health benefits of eggplant (brinjal). It can substantially cut pesticide use, cut production cost for farmers, reduce their exposure to harmful chemicals, benefit consumers through lower price from higher eggplant production while protecting their health, and even enhancing environmental protection. Generally early short duration varieties yield about 25 to 30 tonnes/ha and long duration varieties yield up to 45 tonnes/ha. Pinatubo variety showed better growth and yield performance compared to Red Hot variety. Grow 1 to 2 plants per person. It can be produced throughout the year, but it is best planted at the tail end of the rainy season. 2 0 obj Eggplant is the most widely planted vegetable in the country: a fourth of vegetables harvested are eggplants. and weighing 130 grams. For Sheep and Goat farming Guide: Read here. Highest gross and net incomes were realized from the control eggplant varieties. Endive and Escarole. (2002) found better fruit girth, fruit weight and fruit yield level of eggplant with the application of 120 kg per hectare. 6 Cost and Return Analysis per Hectare in Philippine Money (Peso) 9 List of Figures Table No. Factors Affecting Production. This will yield at least 300,000 seedlings per hectare. in kilograms 4706.5 4185.5 Comparison of net income in pesos per hectare 376,540 334,877 D. Seedling Production. Two to Three light hoeing or earthing up should be carried out to facilitate better aeration to root system. Manures and Fertilizers in Eggplant Farming:- Providing proper soil nutrients and fertilizers  along with good irrigation will result in excellent yield of the crop. Factors Affecting Production. The average yield of mango and rubber is increasing. The high yielding season for eggplant is  rainy season under warm humid conditions. Corn, vegetables (tomato, eggplant, garlic, onion, etc) and legumes (mungbean and peanut) were the preferred crops chosen for planting by farmers. Propagation and Sowing and Spacing in Eggplant Farming:-Propagation is done through seeds. Yield 8 fruits per Italian oval varieties; yield 10 to 15 fruits per Asian varieties. Average eggplant yield in the country is 9.95 metric tons per hectare. [i]f Bt eggplant is grown on a commercial scale in the country, it is expected to boost marketable yield by 192 percent and reduce pesticide application per hectare by 48 percent. ‘Kampana’ 133 Hybrid – It is a big fruited, high yielding sweet pepper variety that adapts well in mid to high elevation areas. In 2018, the average eggplant yield in the Philippines amounted to X tonne per ha, flattening at the previous year. From 1990-2013, some 19,447 hectares of eggplants yielded 170,124 tonnes, or an average yield of 8.67 tonnes per hectare, mostly harvested by poor farmers. White skin slim type includes ‘Dourga’ variety, Traditional, White-skinned. However, ensuring the proper irrigation at the time of fruit set results in good yield and quality. However, a well-drained rich in organic matter soils are best suit for its cultivation. Returns above cash costs amounted to P118,357 per hectare. To demonstrate the benefits of Bt eggplant, ISAAA released a new infographics titled Which Eggplant Will You Choose? In some parts of India, miniature varieties are grown. Mulching is another option for controlling the weed growth and saving from soil erosion and water evaporation. Grows best with temperature range of 22-32°C. If Bt eggplant is grown on a commercial scale in the country, it is expected to boost marketable yield by 192 percent and reduce pesticide application per hectare by 48 percent. Soil Requirement for Eggplant Farming:- Eggplant can be grown in wide variety of soils. Introduction . 3 0 obj If Bt eggplant is grown on a commercial scale in the country, it is expected to boost marketable yield by 192 percent and reduce pesticide application per hectare by 48 percent. Agronomic efficiency of nitrogen. Land Preparation for Eggplant Farming:– Giving 5 to 6 ploughings should bring the soil to fine tilth stage and any weeds from previous crops should be removed. 4. At P10.77 per kilo, the gross revenue of farmers could reach P130,123 per hectare. Partial budget analysis found that the adoption of Bt eggplant would provide a net incremental benefit of around PhP50,000 (USD909) per hectare compared to the current eggplant variety used by farmers. potential yield: 30 tons/hectare (t/ha) ... Eggplant belongs to the family of Solanaceae. There is a statistically significant fall in pesticide costs, 7,175 Taka per hectare (85 USD per ha), a 37.5% reduction. Endive and Escarole. The best sowing time of eggplant is May to June, August to September and December to January. Returns of P99,173 per hectare were … These regulators need to be sprayed at commencement of flowering and 4 to 6 weeks after transplanting in the field. Because of this much banana yield per tree, it may result in the most profitable fruit trees to grow. Yield 3 to 6 pounds per 10-foot row. As eggplant crop is a long duration with high yield potential, it requires good fertile soil for best production and quality. Climate Required for Eggplant Farming:– Basically, eggplant crop is a long  warm season crop that requires an ideal temperature range of 20°C to 28°C for its cultivation. For optimum yield and profit, plant in rice-based lowland areas from October to December, and May to July for hilly areas. Twisting or a sharp knife can do the task ridges during rainy season warm... Depends on the variety, soil testing is preferred to find out the soil pH value of 5.0 to for! 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