Pope Innocent III spent a majority of his tenure as Pope (1198-1216) preparing for a great crusade on the Holy Land. Pope Innocent was one of the most powerful and influential of the medieval popes. He included the family crest in his Pontifical coats of arms. -Pope Boniface VIII, Unam Sanctam, Nov. 18, 1302, ex cathedra He was frequently employed by his predecessors as a nuncio, and Innocent XI Innocent XI, 1611–89, pope (1676–89), an Italian named Benedetto Odescalchi, b. Innocent VIII, 1432–92, pope (1484–92), a Genoese named Giovanni Battista Cibo; successor of Sixtus IV Sixtus IV, 1414–84, pope (1471–84), an Italian named Francesco della Innocent X was one of the most politically shrewd pontiffs of the era, greatly … Successor: Innocent XII: Orders; ... Pope Alexander VIII (22 April 1610 – 1 February 1691), born Pietro Vito Ottoboni, was Pope from 6 October 1689 to his death in 1691. Pope Alexander VIII died in 1691 and the College of Cardinals assembled to hold a conclave to select his successor. St. Gregory VII (1073-85) Gregory and the following three popes were opposed by Guibert ("Clement III"), antipope (1080-1100) Blessed Victor III (1086-87) Blessed Urban II (1088-99) He chose this name in honour of Pope Innocent X, who made him a cardinal in 1645. The protracted conflict with Naples was the principal obstacle to a crusade against the Turks; Innocent VIII earnestly endeavoured to unite Christendom against the common enemy. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. He condemned philosophical sin, which is sin against reason but not against God. His first attempt was the Fourth Crusade (1202-1204) which he decreed in 1198. Eventually, the Knights handed Cem over to Pope Innocent VIII (1484–1492). Born into a prominent Genoese family he entered the church and was made bishop in 1467 before being elevated to the rank of cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV. Roman Catholic Pope, 1484-92. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius Octavus; 1432 – July 25, 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cibo, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 214th Pope from 1484 until his death. Innocent VIII, 1432–92, pope (1484–92), a Genoese named Giovanni Battista Cibo; successor of Sixtus IV Sixtus IV, 1414–84, pope (1471–84), an Italian named Francesco della Rovere (b. near Savona); successor of Paul II. Born in Manarola, he belonged to a feudal family of Liguria, the Fieschi, Counts of Lavagna. The pope is regarded as the successor of St. Peter and has supreme power of jurisdiction over the Catholic church in matters of faith and morals, as well as in church discipline and government. PRE-PAPAL BACKGROUND . Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Five Interesting Facts About Alexander VIII. Innocent VIII, 1432–92, pope (1484–92), a Genoese named Giovanni Battista Cibo; successor of Sixtus IV . He was not the first pope who contrived to expand the role of the Church into the affairs of state, but Innocent III would be more successful in this regard than any pope before or after his time. AKA Giovanni Battista Cibo. Pope Innocent XIII (13 May 1655 – 7 March 1724) was pope from 1721 until his death.. Birthplace: Genoa, Italy Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: unspecified. Pamphili succeeded Pope Urban VIII (1623–44) on 15 September 1644 as Pope Innocent X, after a contentious papal conclave that featured a rivalry between French and Spanish factions. Pope Innocent VIII : biography 1432 – 25 July 1492 In Rome he built for summer use the Belvedere of the Vatican, on an unarticulated slope above the Vatican Palace, which his successor would turn into the Cortile del Belvedere. His papal successor was Innocent XII. Innocent VIII's successor, Alexander VI, the Spanish-born Borgia Pope, "signed over the rights to the New World" to the Spanish throne. Pope Innocent III. ... which his successor would turn into the Cortile del Belvedere. and Pope Innocent VIII. Contents. Urban VIII, pope from 1623 to 1644. Invariably short of money, […] Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Pope Innocent XI (Latin: Innocentius XI; 16 May 1611 – 12 August 1689), born Benedetto Odescalchi, was Pope from 21 September 1676 to his death in 1689. (en) 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. Pope Innocent VIII. By July 1492, Innocent had become very skinny. In season, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged. He is to date the last pope to take the pontifical name of "Alexander" upon his election to the papacy. He was formally crowned as pontiff on 4 October 1676 by the protodeacon, Cardinal Francesco Maidalchini. He was born Michelangelo Conti in Poli, near Rome.Like Pope Innocent III (1198–1216), Pope Gregory IX (1227–1241) and Pope Alexander IV (1254-1261), he was a member of the family of the Conti, counts and dukes of Segni. Currently, he remains the last pope to have taken the name of Alexander. Factions loyal to the Kingdom of France , Kingdom of Spain and the broader Holy Roman Empire failed to agree on a consensus candidate . Please help support ... Pope Gregory VIII ordained him subdeacon, and Clement III created him Cardinal-Deacon of St. George in Velabro and Sts. On 21 September 1676, Odescalchi was chosen to be Clement X's successor and took the name of Innocent XI. Innocent VIII named eight cardinals in one consistory which was held on 9 March 1489; the pope named three of those cardinals in pectore (one of whom being a successor in Giovanni de' Medici who became Pope Leo X) with two of them having their names released after the pope died to ensure that they could vote in the 1492 conclave.. Death. In season, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged. Innocent X, original name Giambattista Pamfili, (born May 7, 1574, Rome—died Jan. 7, 1655, Rome), pope from 1644 to 1655.. Pamfili was a church judge under Pope Clement VIII and a papal representative at Naples for Pope Gregory XV.He was made ambassador to Spain and cardinal (1626) by Pope Urban VIII, whom he succeeded on Sept. 15, 1644.Having been supported by cardinals who … Pope Innocent VII (Latin: Innocentius VII; 1339 – 6 November 1406), born Cosimo de' Migliorati, was the Roman claimant to the headship of the Catholic Church from 17 October 1404 to his death. Pope Innocent X (6 May 1574 –7 January 1655), born Giovanni Battista Pamphilj (or Pamphili), was Pope from 1644 to 1655. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Early life. Gender: Male Reli. The imperial throne had become vacant by the death of Henry VI in 1197, and no successor had as yet been elected. The son of an aristocratic Florentine family, Barberini filled many distinguished church appointments. The papal conclave of 1484 (August 26–29) elected Pope Innocent VIII after the death of Pope … Pope, the title, since about the 9th century, of the bishop of Rome, the head of the Roman Catholic Church. The origins of the New World venture had been covered up partly because Columbus's writings were manipulated by his Spanish masters. He elevated 14 cardinals. He is known as the "Saviour of Hungary".Much of his reign was concerned with tension with Louis XIV of France.A conservative, he lowered taxes in the Papal States during his pontificate and he also produced a surplus in the papal budget. Pope Innocent IV, born Sinibaldo Fieschi was pope from June 28, 1243 to December 7, 1254. He exerted a wide influence over the Christian states of Europe, claiming supremacy over all of Europe's kings.He was central in supporting the Catholic Church's reforms of ecclesiastical affairs through his decretals and the Fourth Lateran Council.This resulted in a considerable refinement of Western canon law. Pre-Ecclesiastic Period. Pope Innocent VIII (1432 - 1492) After emptying the papal treasury in the service of failed wars in Italy, Innocent, on his deathbed, reportedly drinking the blood of three boys as a curative measure, begged his cardinals to elect a successor better than himself. Innocent XII, 1615–1700, pope (1691–1700), a Neapolitan named Antonio Pignatelli; successor of Alexander VIII. He was made a cardinal in 1473. He served as papal legate in France (1601) and was simultaneously appointed (1604) archbishop of Nazareth and nuncio to Paris. He was elected Pope in 1484, as a compromise candidate, after a stormy conclave. His close friend, Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (later Pope Julius II ), largely directed the papal affairs. Pope Paul V … Among his accomplishments was the wresting away from the monarchies their right to fill ecclesiastical vacancies and the consolidation of such appointments under the Vatican. Pope Alexander VIII: Successor: Pope Clement XI: Personal details; Birth name: Antonio Pignatelli: Born March 13, 1615 Spinazzola, Puglia: Died: September 27, 1700 (aged 85) Rome: Other popes named Innocent: Pope Innocent XII (Latin: Innocentius … -Pope Innocent III, Fourth Lateran Council, Constitution 1, 1215, ex cathedra "We declare, say, define and proclaim to every human creature that they by necessity for salvation are entirely subject to the Roman Pontiff." Innocent VIII August 29, 1484 - July 25, 1492 . 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